The Internet of Things (“IoT”) is a a proposed development of the Internet comprising a hyper-connected network of everyday objects and is a cornerstone of the “fourth industrial” digital revolution – dubbed “Industry 4.0” by the German government. The connectivity of the IoT is mainly promoted as something which will provide benefits to consumers and business, particularly in cities, though it will also present opportunities for new ways of pursuing sustainable economic development.

This article will detail some of the benefits to sustainable development of developing a hyper-connected network of objects, similar to the network of computers which comprise the Internet.  It will look at these benefits categorised according to urban and rural.